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Esophageal Cancer Treatment in Delhi

Esophageal cancer is a type of cancer that affects the oesophagus (gullet), which is the long tube that transports food from the throat to the stomach.

Esophageal cancer is the world's tenth most common cancer. It begins in your oesophagus, the long muscular tube that transports food from your throat to your stomach. Esophageal cancer tumours may not cause symptoms until the cancer has spread. It primarily affects people in their 60s and 70s and is more common in men than women.

Is there a cure for esophageal cancer?

Small tumours can sometimes be removed surgically by healthcare providers. Unfortunately, only 25% of people with this cancer are diagnosed before it spreads.

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Symptoms of esophageal cancer

In the early stages of oesophageal cancer, when the tumour is small, there are usually no symptoms. Symptoms usually appear only as the tumour grows in size.

Symptoms of esophageal cancer?

The first symptom that people may notice is difficulty swallowing. Other signs and symptoms include:

  • Back or throat pain, pain behind the breastbone, or pain between the shoulder blades.
  • Vomiting or coughing up blood.
  • Heartburn.
  • Hoarseness or a persistent cough.
  • Weight loss that was unintentional.

How quickly does esophageal cancer spread (deteriorate)?

Esophageal cancer typically spreads quickly. As the tumour grows, your oesophagus expands to accommodate it. This is why people frequently do not experience symptoms until the cancer has spread.

What is the main cause of esophageal cancer?

As per the Best Cancer Specialist in Delhi - Most common identified risk factors that increase the chance of developing it, includes :

  • Tobacco use includes both smoking and the use of smokeless tobacco.
  • Chronic and/or heavy alcohol use increases the risk of esophageal cancer.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese can cause esophageal inflammation, which can lead to cancer.
  • Barrett's oesophagus and chronic acid reflux: Barrett's oesophagus is a change in the cells at the bottom of your oesophagus caused by untreated chronic acid reflux. People who have chronic heartburn have a higher risk of esophageal cancer even if they do not have Barrett's oesophagus.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV): HPV is a common virus that causes tissue changes in your vocal cords, mouth, hands, feet, and genitals.
  • Cancer history: People who have had cancer of the neck or head are more likely to develop esophageal cancer.
  • Other conditions:Some rare and/or inherited conditions have been linked to esophageal cancer. One is achalasia, a rare disease that makes swallowing difficult
  • Occupational exposure to certain chemicals: People who have been exposed to dry cleaning solvents for an extended period of time are at a higher risk of developing esophageal cancer

How do doctors detect esophageal cancer?

According to the Best Esophageal Cancer Doctor in Delhi - Physician will inquire about your symptoms and medical history. They may perform the following tests to diagnose the condition:

  • A series of X-rays are used to examine your oesophagus during a barium swallow. A barium swallow occurs when people consume a barium-containing liquid. On an X-ray, barium helps healthcare providers see your oesophagus more clearly.
  • CT scan: This test determines whether tumours have spread to your chest and abdomen (belly).
  • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD): A thin flexible tube called an endoscope is used by healthcare providers to look inside your oesophagus.
  • Endoscopic ultrasound of the esophageal: Sound waves create images of the inside of your esophageal. This test may be performed as part of an EGD by healthcare providers.
  • Biopsy: During the EGD, healthcare providers may remove a small piece of tissue to look for cancer cells under a microscope.

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How are esophageal cancer patients treated?

Treatment for esophageal cancer is determined by the cancer's stage and grade. Among the treatment options are:

  • Surgery: The most common treatment for early-stage esophageal cancer is an esophagectomy. It entails the removal of some or all of your oesophagus and surrounding tissue. Surgeons create a new oesophagus by pulling up a portion of your stomach and inserting it into your chest and neck.
  • Radiation therapy: A radiation beam is directed at the tumour to kill or damage cancer cells. Before or after surgery, healthcare providers may use radiation as adjuvant therapy.
  • Chemotherapy is a treatment that either kills or prevents cancer cells from growing.
  • Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD): Surgeons may use ESD to treat esophageal cancer in its early stages.
  • Endoscopic laser therapy: This treatment relieves symptoms when tumours block your oesophagus, making swallowing difficult.
  • Photodynamic therapy (PDT): Photodynamic therapy uses drugs called photosensitizers to destroy tumours. These drugs are activated by light, causing a chemical reaction that kills cancer.
  • Targeted therapy: Certain esophageal cancer cells have an abnormally high level of the HER2 protein this protein promotes cancer cell growth. Drugs targeting HER2 proteins are used to treat esophageal cancer in targeted therapy.
  • Immunotherapy: Immune checkpoint inhibitors are used in this treatment. These medications aid in the restoration of your immune system's response to esophageal cancer cells.

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar is a Esophageal Cancer Surgeon in Delhi NCR. +91 98691 22384 to book an appointment for Esophageal Cancer Treatment in Delhi, Gurugram, India at an affordable cost in Delhi. Best Cancer Specialist Doctor in Delhi.