How Lifestyle affects in Increasing Risk of Colon Cancer?
What exactly is colon cancer?
Colon (colorectal) cancer begins in the colon (large intestine), the long tube that transports digested food to the rectum and out of the body.
Colon cancer is caused by polyps or growths in the inner lining of your colon. Screening tests are available to healthcare providers to detect precancerous polyps before they develop into cancerous tumours. Undiagnosed or untreated colon cancer can spread to other parts of your body. Fewer people are dying from colon cancer as a result of screening tests, early treatment, and new types of treatment.
The following are signs and symptoms of colon cancer:
- A consistent change in bowel habits, such as diarrhea or constipation, or a change in stool consistency
- Blood in your stool or rectal bleeding
- Consistent abdominal pain, cramps, gas, or discomfort
- A sensation that your bowel does not completely empty
- Weakness or exhaustion
- Unknown cause of weight loss
According to Best GI cancer surgeon in Delhi NCR following are the few common causes from numerous causes
- Cells typically go through an orderly process of growth, division, and death. Cancer can develop when cells grow and divide uncontrollably and fail to die at the expected time in their life cycle.
- Researchers are unsure of the exact cause of colon cancer ,but certain factors may increase the risk.
- Cancer is caused by changes in DNA within cells. Oncogenes are genes that help cells survive, grow, and divide. Tumor suppressor genes aid in the regulation of cell division and death.
- Changes in DNA can affect ontogenesis and tumor suppressor genes, leading to a cascade of gene changes that can lead to colon cancer.
- Polyps are growths that develop inside the colon. Polyps are not cancerous, but some types of polyps can lead to cancer.
- If a person has an adenomatous polyp, which is a type of noncancerous polyp, they are more likely to develop colon cancer. These polyps grow on the inside of the large intestine.
- Cancerous cells from malignant tumors can spread to other parts of the body via the blood and lymph systems.
- In a process known as metastasis, cancer cells can grow and invade healthy tissue nearby and throughout the body. As a result, the condition becomes more serious and less treatable.
How does this disease affect people?
Your colon wall is made up of mucous membrane, tissue, and muscle layers. Colon cancer begins in the mucosa, your colon's innermost lining. It is made up of cells that produce and secrete mucus and other fluids. If these cells mutate or change, a colon polyp may form.
What are the risk factors for colon cancer?
As per Best Cancer Surgeon Doctor in Delhi Colon cancer, like all cancers, develops when cells grow and divide uncontrollably. Your body's cells are constantly growing, dividing, and dying. That is how your body stays healthy and functions properly. Cells lining your colon and rectum continue to grow and divide even when they are supposed to die in colon cancer. These cancerous cells could have originated from polyps in your colon.
Researchers are unsure why some people develop precancerous colon polyps that progress to colon cancer. They are aware that certain risk factors increase the likelihood of developing precancerous polyps and colon cancer.
Certain medical conditions, including inherited conditions, and lifestyle choices are among the risk factors. Having one or more risk factors for colon cancer does not guarantee that you will develop the disease. It simply means you are at a higher risk. Understanding risk factors can help you decide whether you should consult a doctor about your risk of developing colon (colorectal) cancer.
Lifestyle choices that increase the risk of colon cancer
Gi cancer surgeon in Delhi says -
Smoking: Tobacco use, including chewing tobacco and e-cigarettes, raises your chances of developing colon cancer.
Excessive alcohol consumption: In general, men and people with AMAB should limit their alcohol consumption to two servings per day. Women and people with AFAB should limit their alcohol consumption to one serving per day. Even moderate alcohol consumption can increase your risk of developing cancer.
Obesity symptoms: Consuming high-fat, high-calorie foods may cause weight gain and increase your risk of colon cancer.
Consumption of a lot of red meat and processed meat: Bacon, sausage, and lunchmeat are examples of processed meat. Red meat and processed meat should be limited to two servings per week, according to doctors.
Not working out: Physical activity of any kind may lower your risk of developing colon cancer.